2D materials properties
The new generation of materials consisting of a single atomic layer.
In addition to graphene, a variety of 2D materials have been isolated and generated that provide new sets of extraordinary properties that can be tailored by assembling them together.
Graphene is the most famous of these materials, constituted of a single atomic layer of carbon atoms arranged in honeycomb geometry. Although it had been studied for many years, it was first measurably produced and isolated in 2003 by Geim and Novoselov, who received the Nobel Prize in 2010 for this work. Graphene has demonstrated extraordinary properties which earnt it the nickname of “Wonder material”, such as its astonishing strength and stiffness.